Ammonia vs. Ammonium Hydroxide

Difference Between Ammonia and Ammonium Hydroxide

Ammonia is a bitter smelling gas which is represented as NH3. Ammonia and ammonium Hydroxide is used by us in many purposes. Ammonia produces ammonium hydroxide when it comes in contact with water which is represented by chemical equation- NH3 + H2O —> NH4+ + OH-

Ammonium hydroxide is ammonia gas dissolved in water. Hence it is nothing but liquid ammonia. NH3 is an ion while NH3 is gas. Hence, ammonium oxide is called NH3 (aq). Ammonia and ammonium oxide are used in nutrition, fertilizers, and pharmaceutical industries. It is a cleaning agent. In real, NH4 is liquid ammonia. So, there are many similarities between them. However a few basic differences are there between the two.

Let us know what ammonia’s composition is. Ammonia represented as NH3 is made up of nitrogen and hydrogen molecules. It is dangerous when it is inhaled. It is used basically as a cleaning agent. Millions of tons ammonia is used every year in the world. Ammonia is also called anhydrous ammonia. It means it does not contain water. On the other hand ammonia hydroxide is nothing more than ammonia dissolved in water and has household uses.

Ammonia hydroxide or liquid ammonia is a good window cleaner. It, therefore is added to cleaning agents available in the market. It is also used in meat industry for beefing.

 

 

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