Ammonium Nitrate vs. Ammonium Sulphate

Difference Between Ammonium Nitrate and Ammonium Sulphate

Ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulphate are the salts of ammonia. They are extensively used. Ammonium nitrate is mainly used in fertilizers. It is also used in explosives. Ammonium sulphate also is used as a fertilizer. There is many differences between the two.

Ammonium Sulphate

Ammonium is a chemical having the formula ( NH4)2SO4. It is a white powder like substance containing 21 % nitrogen and 24 % sulfur. The sulfur is in the form of sulphate ions. It is a soil fertilizer because it reduces the pH value of the soil. As a result the soil becomes rich for plants’ growth.

Ammonium Nitrate

Ammonium Nitrate is commonly known as nitrate of ammonia. It is crystalline solid and white in color. It chemical formula is NH4NO3. It has high portion of nitrogen. So, it is used as a fertilizer. It is also used in explosives as an oxidizing agent.

Ammonium nitrate is formed as a result of reaction between ammonia and nitric acid. On the other hand ammonium sulphate is formed as a result of reaction between ammonia and sulfuric acid. Thus they differ in their composition. Nitrogen is the common salts in both the chemicals. But they both have different chemical and physical properties. In ammonium sulphate, sulphate ions work as a stimulant for alkaline soil. The pH value is decreased by these ions and the soil become fertilized. So,  ammonium nitrate is used in fertilizer industry. Ammonium nitrate sometimes is sprinkled in soil as a spray. It can also be sprayed in the form of powder.

Ammonium nitrate is suitable for acidic soil. Before using it soil should be checked for its quality. It is also used for making products cold. So it is used as cold packs.


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