Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivation

Difference Between Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation

Motivation is defined as a person’s drive to get a job or task done. Motivation is of two types: Intrinsic motivation and Extrinsic motivation. Both are the ways in which people are driven to accomplish a task, after all, a person works as long as he or she is motivated to do the job. To put it simply, Motivation refers to the activation of a person’s goal- directed behaviour. People who have taken up the study of Psychology are already very familiar with Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation and are also aware that the main difference between the two is the Reward.

Intrinsic motivation consists primarily of positive feelings such as feelings of happiness, joy, achievement, and accomplishment. Intrinsic Motivation is one that comes from the person himself. Extrinsic motivation, on the other hand, is the external forces or rewards that drive a person to perform well and accomplish a certain task. An example of this is working in a company for money, if you remove the pay, then the drive to work also disappears.

One can also say that External Motivators may become internal, like when a child receives praise and “stars” from their teacher for a job well done who eventually learns to love the feeling of satisfaction in doing a task well. Thus, if the external motivator becomes internal, the child may still do well even without the praise and benefits because the child has learned to enjoy simply doing the task as best as he can.

Extrinsic and Intrinsic motivators both play a part in encouraging people to work for a cause; Tangible motivators like praise, increased salary, trophies, and recognition are classified as external motivators. Feelings of joy, accomplishment, and pride in a job well done are classified as Internal Motivators, all of which are not tangible..