Its vs. It’s

Difference Between Its and It’s in English Grammar

 

“Its” and “It’s” change meaning depending on how they are used in English grammar. “Its” may be used as a possessive pronoun or a genitive form of the personal pronoun “it”. Here are some examples:

  • The cat went into its crate.
  • The flower gave its scent.

On the other hand, the word “it’s” is a shortened version of two words which are “it” and “is”. An example is “ It’s such a dull day for books and TV.” or “ My brother says it’s not as difficult as it sounds, honest.” In this case, instead of using it is, these two words are made shorter by replacing them with “it’s”.

“It” as a personal pronoun is used in sentences that affirm like in “It is damp.”Interestingly, the same use can be done for “it’s” such as in “ It’s damp” where in the words it and is are shortened by the replacement done.

Another good thing to note here is that the personal pronoun “it” may be used both as a subject and as an object in a sentence. Here are some examples:

  • It stinks badly.
  • You can find it here.

The first sentence is an example where “it” is used as a subject while the second sentence is an example where “it” is used as an object.

Both “its” and “it’s” are widely used in English grammar so it helps if one knows how to distinguish their usage from each other.

Points:

  1. “It”s may be used as a possessive pronoun or genitive form of the personal pronoun “it”
  2. “It’s” may be used to shorten two words, it and is.
  3. The personal pronoun “it”can be used as a subject in a sentence
  4. The personal pronoun “it” can be used as an object in a sentence

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