Type 1 vs. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Types of Diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2 are termed as Diabetes Mellitus type 1 and Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 in medical jargon. Diabetes Mellitus is a condition where glucose level in blood is increased to dangerous levels and the insulin action is reduced or blocked.  However, in type 1, the insulin is just not there in blood whereas in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, the receptors for insulin are not working properly.

Diabetes, once happened, cannot be cured. It demands long term care and health regimen to ensure that it won’t cause any dreaded casualty to one’s life. There are no defined parameters for treatments as well. Normally, what happens is when the blood glucose rises, the hormone Insulin is secreted by the pancreatic gland in the blood. This encounters and pacifies the raised levels. As stated in Type 1 and 2 there is either no insulin or the lack of functions of receptors. The latter is also called Insulin Resistance.

Pancreas produces insulin and the failure of beta cells there causes the lack of insulin in body which is termed as Type 1 diabetes. The patients are given insulin injections to keep the rising levels of glucose, known as hyperglycemia, under control. Usually, young children or individuals in adolescents fall prey to it.  The timely injection of insulin is necessary or the higher levels of glucose can cause death by diabetic keto acidosis.

When compared, in type 2 have insulin in blood but the receptors which stimulate the function of insulin do not work. Usually, obese people or patients with higher BMI have type- 2 diabetes. They develop insulin resistance after 40 years of age, named as the type- 2 diabetes. People who have strong lineage of obesity or diabetes should watch their steps. Though, it is not certain, if one follows healthy lifestyle, yet it is seen that diabetes does follow the pattern. The type-2 diabetes patients are given oral hypo glycaemic medicines which increase either the secretion of the insulin or reduce the resistance of insulin receptors, depending on their chemical properties.

Diabetes patients are advised to have strict control over diet and do physical labor of some sort, such as workout in gyms, yoga etc. Eye (retinopathy) Kidneys (nephropathy) and the nerves (neuropathy) checkups are must on a regular basis.