Whole Grains vs. Refined Grains

Difference Between Whole Grains and Refined Grains

The classifications of grains are refined grain and whole grain. Majority of the foods we eat comes from grains such as bread, porridge, pasta, breakfast cereals and even tortillas. All such revenues are composed of grains such as wheat, maize meal of rice, barley or another cereal grain. The grains can classify as refined grains and whole grains according to their processing. Whole grains are chosen over refined grains because of many reasons (typically because of health benefits). Let us see what the difference between whole grains and refined grains is.

A grain has three main body parts

Bran – it is the outer protective layer which is rich in fiber and foods.

Germ – is part of the seed and now it is rich in vitamins and minerals as it is able to support the new life.

Endosperm contains energy in the form of proteins and starches.

Whole grains are so called because they are whole and all three main parts are intact. That is why they are nutritious and healthy for our bodies. Refined grains are polished and have a perfect texture, but in the process lose their germ and bran. What is done must then add the grains with supplements such as vitamins and minerals to grind after the fact but they do not always have the same nutritional value as whole grains.

So, refined grains have an improved look and quality also a longer shelf life before sale, but they lose the central nutrients such vitamin B, iron and fiber.

Whole grains are other far more nutritious and healthy than refined grains. Our bodies get more vitamin B, folic acid and E than refined grains. Some very central minerals like magnesium and zinc that are present in whole grains, refined grains are removed so they lose much of their nutritional value. Whole grains, fiber containers are good for our bodies as they help us in reducing our weight. It is not possible to add fiber to refined grains in the process they lose due to grinding.

Some examples are whole grain brown rice, porridge oats, popcorn, muesli, whole wheat bread and wild rice. Refined grains examples are white rice, noodles, crackers, spaghetti, macaroni and cornflakes.

 

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