Difference Between ABH and GBH
ABH and GBH are not everyday term. It is usually found by chance when we read these words a transcript of a hearing in court, or in matters where legal assistance is discussed. To avoid disturbing the other end, it is urgent to know the working definition of both terms before the fact to compare them.
ABH Actual Bodily Harm is different from GBH or Grievous Bodily Harm when it comes to severity. Both terminologies are used in legal action to prosecute the accused which caused the injury to the body to the complainant. To distinguish from each other, it is important to know that injuries are covered by ABH first, which is the less severe of the two. ABH include broken teeth, bruises, cuts or deep wounds and may even extend to the psychological effects of harsh.
The complainants usually convert ABH to common assault in order to isolate the case in the court of district judge. The reason for this is to reduce the fees in legal assistance. If the defendant is convicted, he or she should pay a large sum amounting to thousands of dollars or be subjected to six months in prison, or a combination of both. ABH and common assault can be made more attacks if the race is included in the equation. In such cases, ABH and common assault is higher in racially aggravated assault, which can send the guilty defendant to seven years in prison and a fine-or very heavy. GBH is the more severe version of ABH.
A complaint may be higher in GBH on the basis of the extent of the injury and the level of intent of the offender. Examples of intent include the use of a weapon in a fight, a premeditated attack, and threats before the real attack, a kick to the head & the victim and the shattering glass as a prelude to attack. All these actions indicate a strong intent to cause severe injury to the body of the victim. GBH includes injuries immobilize the victim and require lengthy treatment, such as broken ribs, broken wrists, broken arms or legs. Fractures due to physical attack caused by any part of the body or a weapon are also categorized as GBH. The psychological trauma can also fall under GBH as defined by a psychologist for assistance. Since GBH involves severe physical or psychological harm, it also has a severe penalty. The offending party may be put in prison for life if there is intention and stay five years in prison if there is no evidence of intent.
There have been legal cases where a charge that could merit a GBH status was reduced to ABH because of the offender’s willingness of the offender to admit guilt or declare the intent for the attack. An easier way to make the difference between ABH and GBH is taking in mind that injuries caused by ABH can be relieved by the treatment of first aid, while GBH injuries requiring hospitalization or even surgery operations.
1. ABH & GBH as that is the legal terminology used to check the severity of injuries.
2. ABH, or Actual Bodily Harm, is lighter in the severity and penalty to inflict ABH is minimal compared to GBH.
3. GBH, or Grievous Bodily Harm, is a serious charge that can send the offender to prison for life. ABH can be treated effectively with first aid, but GBH requires hospitalization and in the worst cases, surgery.
4. The psychological trauma can also be categorized as ABH or GBH as depending on the severity.
5. An intentional attack that causes injury only ABH may still be high because of GBH for. The use of a weapon, verbal or written threats before the attack can be categorized as intended.