Difference Between Carnatic Music and Hindustani Music
In India, there are two kinds of music namely Carnatic music and Hindustani music. These two kinds of music have some important differences between them when it comes to voice modulation, singing style and techniques involved in them.
It is said that Carnatic music was born in a southern state of India, Karnatak. On the other hand it is said that Hindustani music was born in several parts of India, including north and west at different times.
While Carnatic music is sung and performed in only one style, there are different styles of singing and performance in Hindustani music. We call each style a ‘gharana’. There are many gharanas in Hindustani music. Gwalior gharana & Jaipur gharana are two of the most significant gharanas.
Carnatic music uses more ragas than Hindustani music. Hindustani music has different names for some ragas used in Carnatic music. Some of the ragas used in Carnatic music are known by different names in Hindustani music. For example, raag Sankarabharanam is known as raag Bilaval in the Hindustani music.
Interestingly, Carnatic music system is differentiated from others by 72-melakarta raga system. Each of these 72 main ragas is further classified into numerous subsidiary ragas. Sangita Ratnakara of Sarangadeva is the chief source of Hindustani music. It can be taken as great work on the Indian music.
On the other hand the Carnatic music flourished largely because of the efforts of Saint Purandaradasa and Trinity of Muthuswami Dikshitar, Saint Tyagaraja and Syama Sastri. All three saints lived in Tiruvaiyaru in southern India on the banks of river Kaveri in the 18th century.
Both the types of music have differences in terms of instruments used while playing music. Violin and flute is common in both types of these music.
In Carnatic music, Talam, Ragam and pallavi are the core elements of the exhibition of raga. Primary importance is given to the importance of Raga in Hindustani music. There is a perfect blend of these two types of music in some of the topmost music festivals of India.