Difference Between Genetic Engineering And Biomedical Engineering
Genetics is the science that studies all features of inherited characteristics. When the knowledge obtained from genetic investigations is applied to altering the genetic make-up of a plant or animal, the process is known as genetic engineering.
Advances in the knowledge of the structure and function of genes have enabled researchers to modify the genetic constitution (genome) of organisms in hitherto unimagined ways. Food production, waste disposal, and the manufacture of medicine can be enhanced by genetic engineering; researchers are working on curing genetic diseases using these techniques.
Genetic-engineering techniques include a wide range of procedures that alter the reproductive and hereditary processes of organisms. Depending on the problem, the procedures used may involve artificial insemination, cloning, in vitro fertilization, or the direct manipulation of the genetic material itself by the recombinant-DNA technique.
Biomedical engineering is a branch of engineering that applies engineering knowledge to solve problems in biology and medicine. Biomedical engineers are health-care professionals, like doctors, nurses, and medical technicians. Some of these engineers help diagnose and treat human disorders. Others do research, design medical instruments, or work with doctors to develop more technologically advanced medical procedures.
Specialty areas of biomedical engineering
There are a number of well-established specialty areas in biomedical engineering. They include (1) bioinstrumentation, (2) biomechanics, (3) biomaterials, (4) systems physiology, (5) clinical engineering, and (6) rehabilitation engineering. Newer areas include bioinformatics, biotechnology, and tissue engineering.
Specialists in the various areas of biomedical engineering often depend on one another. For example, engineers developing an artificial hip rely on biomechanical studies of the forces applied to the natural hip. Similarly, engineers designing systems to electrically stimulate and control paralyzed muscles use knowledge of the interaction of muscles and bones. In both cases, specialists in biomaterials are consulted in selecting materials used in the devices.