Difference Between Its and It’s In English Grammar
Its and it’s are used differently because their meanings are also changing in use. ‘Its’ is used as the possessive or genitive case form of the pronoun ‘it’. In fact ‘it’ is the personal pronoun in the third person.
Look at the sentences
1. The lion went into its den.
2. The tree gives out the fragrance through its flowers.
In the above mentioned sentences ‘its’ is used as the possessive case form of the personal pronoun ‘it’.
The word ‘it’s’ on the other hand is the short form of the two words ‘it is’. In other words we can say that the two words ‘it’ and ‘is’ can be shortened as it’s, as in sentences.
1. It’s easy to reach the place
2. The teacher said it’s not hard to memorize the poem.
In both the sentences mentioned above the word ‘it’s is used as the shortened form of the two words ‘it’ and ‘is’.
The personal pronoun ‘it’ is used in affirmative sentences also as in “It is raining.” Here the word ‘it’ is used in the affirmative sentence. It is interesting to note that the same sentence can be written also as “It’s raining”. Here the two words ‘it’ and ‘is’ are shortened as “it’s”.
It is important to note that the personal pronoun ‘it’ is used both as a subject as well as an object. Have a look at the sentences given below:
1. It smells good.
2. You can see it here.
In the first sentence the word ‘it’ is used as a subject while in the second sentence the pronoun ‘it’ is used as an object. In other words we can say that the word ‘it’ is used in the accusative case in the second sentence. The use of ‘it’s’ is widely seen in the English language.