Difference Between Mice And Rats
The main difference between mice and rats is regarding the size. A rat’s tail can measure 20-28 cm, but the mice measures up to 12 cm without tail with 8-12 inch tail. Rats are very sociable and can be domesticated.
The mouse common or rat is a small rodent belonging to the genus Mus species, a native of Central Asia. At present, it is distributed in all over the world. Its body can be measured 7 to 12 cm long without the tail, which measures extra 6-10 cm. The fur color can vary from light brown to black usually with a lighter belly and hips. They have large black eyes, rounded ears, and bald. Its hind legs are much longer than the front.
The mice can invade all kinds of structures and dwellings where they can hide in small cracks and climb without any difficulty anywhere. They are particularly prolific. A female can give birth to fifty puppies also 10-12 times a year. Some wild species are common in rural areas. These animals feed on products such as plant, seeds, roots, leaves and stems of many plants, but also insects, larvae and remains of carcasses of dead animals.
The rats are rodents belonging to the genus Rattus. They are large in size. A rat can measure 20-28 cm excluding tail, and sometimes the tail reach 50 cm. The two most common species are the brown rat i.e sewer rat and roof rat or black rat (Rattus rattus). Both are larger than mice. The first is smaller and lives mainly in underground but is also able to climb, slip easily along sewer, walls, railings and trees. Its habit of living and swimming in sewage make it particularly prone to infections and diseases transmitted through urine and fasces. The black rat has slightly darker than the mantle, the longer tail larger eyes and ears and also this rat lives principally on trees or unable to climb on roofs. It is very dangerous as a vehicle for numerous infections and diseases including plague, Hepatitis, tuberculosis, cholera and typhoid. The rats in general are very intelligent and sociable. They can be easily domesticated. They have complex social structure and are very collaborative and solidarity is found between them, for example, if an individual of the group is ill, he is assisted by his companions who provide him food and warmth.