Difference Between Them and They
Them and they are two words in the English language that are used with some differences. ‘They’ is plural of ‘he’, ‘she’ and ‘that’ which are third person singular pronouns.
“Them” is accusative case form of ‘them’. It is also used in the plural number. Look at these sentences.
1. He looked at them.
2. The boys disturbed them on the journey.
In the first sentence the word ‘them’ is used as a personal pronoun along with an intransitive verb ‘looked’. On the other hand in the second sentence the word ‘them’ is used as a kind of personal pronoun with the combination of a transitive verb called ’journey’. It is the difference between the two sentences given above.
‘They’ is a personal pronoun in the nominative case. Consider these:
1. They went to the station in a bus.
2. They ate their lunch in the hotel.
In the first sentence you can see that the word ‘they’ has been used as the personal pronoun in the nominative case with an intransitive verb ‘went’. On the other hand in the second sentence, the word ‘they’ has been used as a personal pronoun in the nominative case with the transitive verb ‘ate’.
One of the primary differences between the two words ‘they’ and ‘them’ is ‘they’ is subject in a sentence while ‘they’ remains an object in a sentence. This is due to the fact that the nominative case deals with the subject while object is dealt by accusative case.
‘They’ is a pronoun used to refer all creatures including animals and birds. Similarly ‘them’ is a word that can be used to refer to all sorts of creatures. Both are also used in case of non-living things such as books and other objects. At times ‘these’ replaces ‘they’ when talking about non-living things. For example, these books were bought last week.