Asthma vs. Bronchitis

Difference Between Asthma and Bronchitis

Asthma and bronchitis are inflammatory conditions of airways. Bronchitis is defined as inflammation of the major airways. This is usually followed by a viral infection. After an upper respiratory infection (runny nose and so on) the airway can be infected and inflamed. The patient with bronchitis may experience difficulty in breathing, coughing and letting out sputum, discomfort in the chest, breathlessness and sometimes low-grade fever. Children, old people and heavy smokers often suffer from bronchitis. Bronchitis is usually caused by viral infections and cured by itself with any specific treatment.

Asthma is an inflammatory condition of airways. Acute asthma is a life threatening condition and requires immediate medical attention. The asthmatic attack can be triggered by cold air, dust, or strong emotions. Asthma attacks can be precipitated by respiratory infections. The patient with asthma suffers from coughs, breathing problems and discomfort in chest. In severe asthma one can not speak or finish the sentences.

The asthmatic patient should keep their medication with them. People with labored breathing issues often are given prophylactic treatment with corticosteroids and treatment with well-defined salbutamaol. These drugs are available such as pumps that can be used as the inhaler. If no pump available they will be nebulised in the hospital. When the airways are blocked they will feel difficult to expel air from the lungs (expiratory wheezing).

Childhood asthma has a good prognosis. They will be symptom free after their teens.

 

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