Celiac Disease vs. Favism

Difference Between Celiac Disease And Favism

The celiac disease is a chronic disease that can occur at any age in the form of gluten. Gluten is a protein found in the grains such as wheat, barley, rye, oats and triticale. In a person suffering from celiac disease, the gluten exerts toxic bowel and profoundly alters the structure and function of cells of the intestinal wall. This causes problems in absorption of some nutrients in food. The symptoms are an increase in the number of evacuations during the day and the increase in the volume of feces which become less consistent and clearer. This is due to elimination of nutrient substances from the intestine without absorptions.

The celiac person must pay attention to the foods which are ingestible. The cases of celiac diseases are increasing rapidly.  Hotel and tourism industries are increasingly offering services to help those who have problems of gluten. Pizzerias offer gluten-free pizza and restaurants provide gluten-free meals. All of those who suffer from celiac disease should consider the list of the products causing celiac. Such list is provided in the form of a handbook.

The favism is a genetic hereditary disease caused by lack of an enzyme called glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) present in red blood cells and fundamental to their survival. The deficiency of it causes acute hemolysis Or death of red blood cells. Hemolysis broke out after taking vapor beans, Peas and other special vegetable substances, such as naphthalene and trinitrotoluene or some antipyretic drugs such as analgesics, anti-malarial, sulfonamides, salicylates, chloramphenicol, some chemotherapy drugs such as quinidine, menadione, methylene blue etc.

This disease is present mainly in Sardinia and the southern regions of Italy. Its virulence is one of the reasons why the mathematician and Vegetarian Pythagoras had forbidden his followers to consume beans calling them “food of the dead”.

The symptoms of favism include headache, fatigue and dizziness. In some cases a slight fever is also included in the symptoms. The disease is transmitted by inheritance and is defined as X-recessive or the gene “sick” is one of sex chromosomes (Which are, in fact X and Y: XX for women and XY for male)

 

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