Democracy vs. Non Democracy
Difference Between Democracy and Non Democracy
There are different forms of governance that are in place in countries around the world and democracy is only one of them. It is considered as the rule of the people. Democracy is a political system where people have a say on issues affecting their lives as they have the power to elect their representatives to govern them and oust them also when they do not realize their aspirations. It is also called the rule of ballet in which people participate in elections to select candidates they feel are right to direct the administration of the country. Although democracy is the preferred form of political regime, there are countries that follow other forms of government and all these political structures are considered non-democracies. In this article we emphasize the differences between democracy and not democracy.
The word democracy comes from two Latin words Demo (people) and Kratos (power) indicating that it is a type of government that is by the people, of the people and for the people. The free and fair elections are a feature of democracies where the adult votes and those who govern are people’s elected representatives. People and say in the development and passage of legislation through their elected representatives.
Another remarkable feature of a democracy is that majority rule. In a two party democracy, it’s the party that is in the majority (meaning it has more number of elected representatives) who receives a chance to reign after forming a government. In a multi-party democracy, similar minded parties form a coalition and the coalition that has the highest number of elected officials comes to power and chooses a candidate among them to become the head of government.
All sorts of political regimes that differ from the doctrines of democracy are labeled non-democracies. Some examples of non-democracies are autocracy (dictatorships), aristocracy (the rule of kings and queens), communism, authoritarianism, military rule and so on. The fundamental difference between a democracy and other form of government is that people do not have the kind of equality and freedom they enjoy in a democracy and they do not also have a right to say anything in the passage of legislation as they can in democracy.
In the theocracy, there is a supreme leader (religious), which is above the rule of law and has the power to rule by decree. Although there are elections that look like a democracy, the supreme leader has the power to dismiss the President even if he desires. The classic case of a theocracy is Iran.