State vs. Federal Courts

Difference Between State and Federal Courts

In the U.S., two courts have been known, state and federal. Federal court is run by the federal government while state court is run by the state government. Federal court is known to have limited jurisdiction

One of the main differences between federal courts and the state courts lies in the jurisdiction they have. The jurisdiction of federal courts is not as complicate as state courts. State court deals with large number of cases while federal courts have limited number of cases where they deal with issues where national interest is involved.

Federal court is dealing with cases where there are federal concerns, trafficking of drugs or firearms, tax offenses, theft of a federal bank insurance and struggle between states, and the old cases related to treaties and laws.

Most criminal cases are heard in state courts. Although the crimes may be classified to fall into the category of federal courts but they are not usually found.

In state courts, judges are appointed by state governments while the federal government appoints judges in federal court. The president appoints federal judges who must be confirmed by the Senate. Federal judges hold their lease for the place basically for life. Federal judges can be removed by impeachment only.


1. The court of public justice is called as a court of general jurisdiction while the federal court is called upon as having limited jurisdiction.

2. Federal concerns are being dealt by federal courts, the trafficking of firearms, drug trafficking, tax offenses, theft of a federal bank insured struggle between states, and the decay cases related to treaties and laws.

3. We hear most criminal cases in state courts. Most of the probate (wills and states) cases, cases of tort (personal injury) and cases of family (marriage, adoption and divorce) is handled by state courts .

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